Type the manuscript in Microsoft Word, on  A4 format, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins on all four sides.

The text should be carefully checked for typing errors, English grammar, spelling, and punctuation, etc.

Please provide a title of up to 70 characters, the names and affiliations of all authors, an abstract summarizing the manuscript in 100 to 250 words, followed by no more than five keywords for indexing purposes.

The length of the manuscript should not exceed 20 pages, including figures, tables, references and appendices.


Citations in the text should be identified as follows: Johnson (1962) or (Johnson 1962); if four or more authors, Smith et al. (1992)


References should appear in a separate section at the end of the manuscript, listed in alphabetical order by names of authors and should only include works cited in the text. The references should be listed in APA style.

Figures, Charts, Diagrams, Tables and Illustrations

Originals of all figures, charts, diagrams, tables and illustrations should be in good quality, sharp, noise-free, and easy-to-read.

Figures, charts, diagrams, tables and illustrations should be numbered consecutively using Arab numerals with a brief  caption.